Questions about transmission
are STD spread?
There are 3
main ways STD can be spread:
Sexually - This
is the most common method of transmission. Infection is transmitted
through infected body fluids, for example, vaginal secretions
and semen. By definition, all STD can be spread sexually.
contact - Only some STD can be spread this way. Examples are
Hepatitis B, syphilis and AIDS. This form of transmission occurs
most commonly through intravenous drug abuse when a person shares
needles and syringes with infected persons. Infection through
blood transfusions is very rare now that blood banks routinely
screen all donated blood for evidence of infection and discard
any blood found to be contaminated.
From an infected
mother to her child - Several STD can be transmitted this way.
Some examples are gonorrhoea, chlamydia infection, syphilis,
herpes, warts and AIDS .
STD be spread through casual and social (non-sexual)
STD germs are
specially adapted fro transmission during intimate and prolonged
bodily contact, for example during sex. STD cannot be contracted
through shaking hands, from toilet seats and swimming pools or
by being in the same room with an infected person. Social dissing
and hugging is safe.
STD germs live outside the body?
STD germs are
specially adapted for living inside or on the human body and
die rapidly away from the body. This is why prolonged bodily
contact is necessary for transmission.
heat and household disinfectants kill STD germs?
Yes, STD germs
are fragile and do not withstand extremes of temperature, dryness
STD be caused by excessive straining, for example lifting heavy
use this as an excuse because they are to embarassed to admit
sexual exposure. STD cannot occur through this and there is no
need to feel embarassed about telling the doctor the truth.
a person have STD more than once?
not develop after STD, with the sole exception of Hepatitis B.
You can contact the same STD several times.
is the chance of contracting STD when I have sex with an infected
The exact risk
of contracting STD after sexual intercourse with an infcted person
has not been worked out for all STD. In the case of gonorrhoea,
it has been estimated that a man has a 20% risk per intercourse
of contracting infection from an infected woman. In other words,
the risk is 80% if he has sex 4 times with the same person.
Therefore, the more times a person has sex, the greater
the risk. Although the risk of a single exposure may seem small,
there is no sense in taking chances. With fatal STD such as AIDS
around, you must be extremely careful..
masturbation cause STD?
is entirely safe. Mutual masturbation is also safe provided you
keep secretions away from orifices (openings) such as the
vagina, urethra (urine pipe), anus and mouth and from cuts and
soon can a person transmit infection after exposure?
immediately. The vagina or rectum in the case of male homosexuals
may retain enough infected semen for infection to be transmitted
to the next sexual partner. This occurs even before infection
has occurred, that is before the4 germ has actually entered the
an infected person who has no symptoms transmit infection?
Very much so.
The period from the time a person is exposed to the time that
he develops symptoms is known as the incubation period. He
may be infectious during the incubation period even before symptoms
develop. Some people remain asymptomatic long after the cincubation
period is over or their sypmtoms disappear without treatment.
These people are known as asymptomatic carriers. Five to
twenty percent of men and 80% of women with gonorrhoea for example,
have no symptoms whatsoever but can still transmit infection
to their sexual partners.
a person contract more than one STD?
Very musch so.
Having one STD does not prevent a person from having another.
Men with gonorrhoea quite commonly contract the symptoms of
NSU about 1 - 2 weeks after the gonorrhoea has been treated and
cured. Additonally, it is not uncommon for doctors to find patients
with gonorrhoea, chlamydia infection, genital herpes and pubic
lice all at the same time.Any combination of STD is possible. This
is why the STD specialist examines and tests you for not one
but several STD.
it safe to have sex with a woman when she is menstruating?
Some STD germs
such as the Hepatitis B and Human Deficiency Virus (the cause
of AIDS) can be found in large amounts in the menstrual blood
of infected women so sex may be more risky. It is also risky
for women to have sex during this time because the os or the
opening of the cervix is dilated to allow the menstrual blood
to flow through. This also makes it easier for STD germs
toi enter the womb directly and cause pelvic inflammatory disease
(PID), an infection of the womb and Fallopian tubes.
taking alcohol or using drugs increase the risk of infection?
recreational drugs (for example, amyl nitrite) do not do this
directly but they cloud the mind and cause you to indulge in
high risk sex. Injecting drugs with contaminated needles and
syringes have been linked with causing AIDS and Hepatitis B.
it true that only prostitutes have STD?
It is true that
prostitutes are more likely to have infection because they have
a large number of sexual partners. In developing countries
for example, prositutes form an important source of infection
and many of these countries have specific health programmes in
prostitutes to control this problem. However, non-prostitutes
can also be infected and can therefore, transmit infection
to their sexual partners. In the West, most cases of STD are
contracted from these individuals rather than from prostitutes.
is true that decent people dont get STD?
This is a very
common fallacy. Unfortunately, the practice of grouping people
into risk groups only serves to reinforce this belief. It
is often said that male homosexuals and prostitutes are high
risk groups and there is a tendency for those not belonging to
these groups to consider themselves free of any risk. This is
incorrect. The only requirement for STD to occur is sex.
It doesnt matter what kind of person it is.